Teach PA History
Religious Communities: 19th Century Harmonists
What to Know
Teaching Time
Two-three 45-minute periods
Grade Level
High School
  • History
Historical Period
  • Expansion and Reform - 1801-1855
  • Civil War and Reconstruction - 1856-1876
  • Development of the Industrial Pennsylvania - 1877-1900
The Second Great Awakening saw religious revivals sweep through the United States during the early decades of the 19th century. Pennsylvania had and still has several notable examples of various religious communities. The lesson will compare various communities to the Harmonists of Old Economy.


In this lesson students will: 1 Compare and contrast communal Utopian communities. 2. Discover why some survive and some do not. 3. Develop an understanding of why some people follow a charismatic leader.

Standards Alignment

  • History

    8.1.9. B. Analyze and interpret historical sources.
    8.1.9. D. Analyze and interpret historical research using primary sources.
    8.2.12. D. Identify and evaluate conflict and cooperation among social groups and organizations in Pennsylvania history.
    8.3.6. D. Identify conflict and cooperation among groups.

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