Teach PA History
Explore PA History
Battle of the Pole Holes!
What to Know
Teaching Time
50 Minutes
Grade Level
High School
  • Civics and Government
  • Economics
  • Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening
  • History
Historical Period
  • The Great Depression and World War II - 1929-1945
The struggles of Rural Electrification in Pennsylvania are exemplified through an incident in western Cumberland County that received national media attention as the "Battle of the Pole Holes."


Students will be able to: 1. Summarize the "Battle of the Pole Holes." 2. Discuss the impact of electricity on rural Pennsylvania. 3. Analyze the relationship between government and private business.

Standards Alignment

  • Civics and Government

    5.3.12. D. Evaluate how independent government agencies create, amend and enforce regulations.

  • Economics

    6.2.12. E. Predict how changes in supply and demand affect equilibrium price and quantity sold.
    6.2.12. F. Identify and analyze forces that can change price.
    6.2.12. K. Analyze the impact of media on decision-making of consumers, producers and policymakers.
    6.3.12. A. Analyze actions taken as a result of scarcity issues in the regional, national and international economies.

  • History

    8.2.12. A. Evaluate the political and cultural contributions of individuals and groups to Pennsylvania history from 1890 to Present.
    8.2.12. B. Identify and evaluate primary documents, material artifacts, and historic sites important in Pennsylvania history from 1890 to Present.
    8.2.12. C. Identify and evaluate how continuity and change have influenced Pennsylvania history.
    8.2.12. D. Identify and evaluate conflict and cooperation among social groups and organizations in Pennsylvania history.

  • Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening

    1.2.11. A. Read and understand essential content of informational texts and documents in all academic areas.

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