Teach PA History
The Decisive Victory: Philadelphia and the Winning of the War for American Independence
What to Know
Teaching Time
Five class periods
Grade Level
High School
  • Arts and Humanities
  • History
Historical Period
  • New Nation - 1761-1800
A major turning point in the American Revolution was Washington's victory at Philadelphia in 1776 and 1777. His military skill set him apart as the first great leader of the new nation. The courage and determination of his men was decisive in securing the young country's independence. In this lesson, students will use a variety of primary sources to explore key individuals and events in the Philadelphia Campaign.


#1 Interpret and analyze primary documents. #2 Apply knowledge from primary documents to describe conditions. #3 Evaluate the role of foreign allies through interpretation of sources. #4 Assess the effectiveness of techniques, through analysis of source material. #5 Situate the Philadelphia Campaign in the broad history of the late 1700s.

Standards Alignment

  • History

    8.1.12. B. Synthesize and evaluate historical sources.
    8.1.12. C. Evaluate historical interpretation of events.
    8.1.12. D. Synthesize historical research.
    8.3.12. A. Identify and evaluate the political and cultural contributions of individuals and groups to United States history from 1890 to Present.
    8.3.12. B. Identify and evaluate primary documents, material artifacts, and historic sites important to U.S. history from 1890 – Present.
    8.3.12. D. Identify and evaluate conflict and cooperation among social groups and organizations in United States history.

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