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Crawford Grill: Opening the Doors of Opportunity
What to Know
Teaching Time
Two one-hour sessions
Grade Level
Elementary School
  • Arts and Humanities
  • Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening
  • History
Historical Period
  • The Great Depression and World War II - 1929-1945
  • Post-WWII Pennsylvania - 1946-1974
Interviews and a video will help students gather insight about the opportunities created for black musicians in Pittsburgh at the Crawford Grill. Students will use this information to have a group discussion about the impact of the Crawford Grill on Jazz in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and the United States. Then students will create a detailed illustration of a busy scene at the Crawford Grill in the heart of the 1960s using information gathered.


1. Examine three sources (transcribed interviews and video clips) to analyze the role the Crawford Grill played in the lives of many black musicians. 2. Discover the significance of the Crawford Grill on the Jazz scene in Pittsburgh. 3. Recognize the extraordinary and unique crowd of patrons at the Grill during its peak time period. 4. Illustrate a scene from the Crawford Grill, depicting some of what they learned through their experiences on the diversity of the crowd and the opportunities the Crawford Grill provided for black musicians. 5. Use sources to infer possible conversations that may have occurred at the Crawford Grill during its peak time period.

Standards Alignment

  • Arts and Humanities

    9.1.3.E. Demonstrate the ability to define objects, express emotions, illustrate an action or relate an experience through creation of works in the arts.

  • History

    8.2.6. C. Identify how continuity and change have influenced settlement patterns (e.g. Development of towns)
    8.2.6 D. Identifies conflicts and cooperation among social groups and organizations in Pennsylvania history from beginnings to 1824

  • Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening

    1.6.5. D. Contribute to discussions.

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