Original Document
Original Document
The Pennsylvania Farm School, 1862

We are indebted to Dr. Evan Pugh, president of the Farmer's High School of Pennsylvania, for a copy of its Third Annual Catalogue, just issued. We are glad to be able to present a brief outline of its affairs, and to know that they now occupy a more hopeful position than ever before.

During the past three years the Pennsylvania Farm School has been going on under circumstances of great difficulty, owing to the unfinished state of the College buildings. But an appropriation of last winter by the State Legislature of $50,000, has enabled the Trustees to advance in the work of completing the buildings, so that they will be entirely finished early next summer.

The main College building, we are told, is the largest edifice devoted to agricultural instruction in the world. It is, with the basement, six stories high, and covers an area of 19,200 square feet. It contains 165 dormitories 10 by 18 feet square, and 9 to 11 feet high, affording ample room for 330 students. The building is also well supplied with commodious rooms for museums, scientific collections, lecture rooms and laboratories for chemical and philosophical study and experimentation.

The cost of construction is estimated at $121,000. Other property belonging to the institution, including a farm of 400 acres, makes the entire property of the school worth about $178,000.

The Farm School has been in operation for three years, and from the commencement has been well patronized. Heretofore it has been found necessary to exclude students from other States, in order to make room for those from Pennsylvania, but the enlarged capacity of the building will now allow students from all States to enter its classes.

The course of instruction is intended to be thorough in regard to the natural sciences in general, and especially so in regard to those having bearing upon agriculture. Any student having a knowledge of the ordinary elementary branches of an English education can enter in classes and graduate after a four years course of study. The first year is devoted to a review and more complete study of the English branches. During the second the student is conducted into the elementary branches of the natural sciences, and the third and fourth years are mainly devoted to the latter. The mathematical course is about as thorough as that usually followed in other colleges, the scientific course is much more thorough than in literary colleges generally, while no attention at all is given to other languages than the English. It is the design of its friends to make the course as thorough and complete as that of the best European Agricultural Colleges, with such differences from them as the differences between American and European institutions generally require. Students who complete the course and pass satisfactory examinations and prepare dissertations approved by the Faculty, take the degree of Bachelor of Scientific and Practical Agriculture, B. S. A.

The college has just sent forth its first graduates, the class embracing 11 students. The Catalogue contains the titles and a general summary of the subjects of their graduating dissertations. The subjects are of an agricultural or manufacturing character, treated of with the aid of science. Artificial manures, plant ashes, slags of iron furnaces, iron ores, limestones and soils are submitted to chemical analyses, and the results given. One dissertation is devoted to the graminaceous plants in the neighborhood of the Farm School. The course combines manual labor with study. Each student performs three hours labor daily and after three years experience the Faculty speak with full confidence as to the practicability of combining manual labor with study. All the work of the farm, garden and nursery is performed by students, all of whom are required to work; by this means the terms of admission are kept down at the very low rates of $100 per session of ten months.

The next session will open on Wednesday, the 19th of February, and close on the 1 8th of December following.

Persons wishing to obtain farther particulars should address the President of the Institution, Dr. E. Pugh, Farm School P. O., Penn.

Credit: Country Gentleman IXX,(Albany, Jan. 2, 1862), 16.
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