Original Document
Original Document
Thomas Sullivan, Journal entry on the Battle of Brandywine, September 11, 1777. 

September 11th.
At daybreak the Army marched in two columns ; the Right commanded by Lieut. General Knyphausen, consisting of four Hessian battalions under Major General Sterne ; the first and second Brigades of the British, three battalions of 71st Regiment, the Queen's American Rangers and one Squadron of the 16th Light Dragoons, with Ferguson's Corps of Riflemen, under Major General Grant, having with them six medium twelve pounders, four Howitzers, and the Light Artillery belonging to the Brigades. This column took ye direct road toward Chad's Ford, 7 miles from Kennett's Square. We were not above half a mile on the march, when Ferguson's Riflemen and the Queen's Rangers, commanded by Captain Weyms, of the 40th Regiment, attacked the advanced picquets of the enemys Light infantry and Riflemen, which kept up a running fire, mixed with regular vollies for 5 miles, and they still retreating to their main posts, until they got almost in gun shot of the Ford. The other column, under command of Lord Cornwallis, Major General Grey, Brigadier Generals Matthews and Agnew, consisting of the mounted and dismounted Chaus seurs, two squadrons of the 16 Light Dragoons, two Bat talions of Light Infantry, two Battalions of British, and three Battalions of Hessian Grenadiers ; two Battalions of Guards, the 3d. and 4th. Brigades of British, with four light twelve pounders, and the Artillery of the Brigades, marched about 12 miles to the forks of Brandywine, crossed the first branch at Trimble's Ford, and the second at Jeffry's Ford, about 2 o'clock in the afternoon, taking from thence the road to Dilworth, in order to turn the enemy's right at Chad's Ford.

The Queen's Rangers and Rifle Corps at the head of Lieut, general Knyphausen's column, advancing to the foot of a hill, saw the enemy formed behind the fence, were deceived by the Rebel's telling them, that they would deliver up their arms; but upon advancing they fired a volley upon our men, and took to their heels, killed and wounded about thirty of the Corp ; by that and the preceeding skirmishes they were much disabled, which occasioned our Brigade 1st. to advance to the front, being separated (when we formed upon a little hill) by a small Creek, which ran between that and the opposite hill on which the enemy took post. We played upon them with two 6 pounders for half an hour, and drove them out of the breastworks, which was made of loose wood, upon the declivity of the hill. The 2d Brigade British, formed upon another hill upon our left and played their two six pounders also upon the enemy's Battery at Chad's Ford.

Credit: Thomas Sullivan, “Before and after the Battle of Brandy-Wine. Extracts from the Journal of Sergeant Thomas Sullivan of H.M. Forty-Ninth Regiment of Foot.” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. Vol. 31 no. 4 (1907) 406-418.
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