Teach PA History
Conserving Pennsylvania Resources: New Deal Programs
Further Reading

Clayton, Virginia Tuttle, Elizabeth Stillinger, Erika Doss, and Deborah Chotner. Drawing on America's Past: Folk Art, Modernism, and the Index of American Design. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 2003.

This book presents multiple essays discussing the history, operation, and important contribution of the Index of American Design in documenting our American art tradition. It is well-illustrated with 82 watercolor renderings from the project and accompanying Americana artifacts.

Denoon, Christopher. Posters of the WPA. Seattle,WA: University of Washington Press, 1987.

This book offers an excellent selection of posters from the WPA replete with public service announcements.

Hendrickson, Kenneth Jr. "The Civilian Conservation Corps in Pennsylvania: A Case Study of A New Deal Relief Agency in Operation." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 100:1 (1976): 66-96.

Hendrickson, Hardin Distinguished Professor of American History, is a prolific writer on New Deal Programs. He has examined the CCC in other states as well as the Federal Art Program and Federal Music Program. This article focuses on the Civilian Conservation Corps in Pennsylvania as a case study.

Lichten, Frances. Folk Art of Rural Pennsylvania. New York, NY: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1946.

This book chronicling the folk art of Pennsylvania is a product of the Federal Art Work Program of the New Deal.

Meltzer, Milton. Violins and Shovels: The WPA Arts Projects. New York: Delacorte Press, 1976.

Meltzer details the art projects funded by the Work Progress Administration of the New Deal.

Owen, A. L. Riesch. Conservation Under FDR. New York, NY: Praeger, 1983.

This book serves as an introductory survey to conservation policy and activity during the Franklin Delano Roosevelt administration, focusing specifically on the Great Depression era.

O’Connor, Francis V. Art for the millions; Essays from the 1930s by artists and administrators of the WPA Federal Art Project. Norwalk, CT: New York Graphic Society, 1973.

As the title suggests, this book provides essays from the artists and administrators of the Federal Art Project.

Speakman, Joseph M. At Work in Penn's Woods: The Civilian Conservation Corps in Pennsylvania. State College, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2006.

Drawing from archival material and oral histories, Speakman takes a comprehensive look at the prolific history of the Civilian Conservation Corps in Pennsylvania.

Thorpe, R. R. The Crown Jewel of Pennsylvania: The State Forest System. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Bureau of Forestry, 1997.

State forester and Director of the Bureau of Forestry from 1977 until his retirement in 1988, Thorpe writes a 97-page documentary on the Pennsylvania State Forest System from 1890-1995. Color and black and white photographs illustrate the pages.

Web Sites

By the People, For the People: Posters from the WPA, 1936-1943

This collection housed at the Library of Congress holds more than nine hundred original posters from around the country from the Work Progress Administration.

Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum

The FDR library contains excellent primary resource documents and photographs from the New Deal Era. An easy search method is by keyword.

National Park Service History Collection, Civilian Conservation Corps Material

This website provides a brief history of the Civilian Conservation Corps and details the collection of CCC material within the National Park Service History Collection.

New Deal Network: The Great Depression, the 1930s, and the Roosevelt Administration

This website is a great resource, offering lesson plans for middle and high school levels, as well as informative research links.

Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, "Pennsylvanian Civilian Conservation Corps"

This website by the Department of Conservation and Natural Resources offers wonderful material about the Civilian Conservation Corps in Pennsylvania. It includes a tracking system to find people by their names, company, or camps. It also provides primary sources (photographs, letters, documents), museums, and lists state parks on the National Register of Historic Places.

Pennsylvania New Deal Art

This weblink provides specific examples of art work produced in Pennsylvania as part of the New Deal Programs. This includes not only the WPA artwork, but also post office murals created under the Treasury Department's Section of Painting and Sculpture (later known as The Section of Fine Arts).

Philadelphia Museum of Art, Dox Thrash-Revealed

This website was produced by the Philadelphia Museum of Art to coincide with an exhibit of Dox Thrash's work. The website includes a chronological display of the artist's work. There is also a link at the top ("Printmaking") which offers an explanation of methods of printmaking, including carbonrundum mezzotint.

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