Teach PA History
Is Seeing Believing?
Further Reading

Frassanito, William A. Early Photography at Gettysburg. Gettysburg, PA: Thomas Publications, 1996.

This book is a companion to Frassanito's earlier work, Gettysburg: A Journey in Time. The book publishes never-before published photographs, and the author uses his expert photographic interpretation skills and Civil War knowledge to uncover new information about the Civil War and its photography.

Frassanito, William A. Gettysburg: A Journey in Time. Gettysburg, PA: Thomas Publications, 1996.

This lesson relies heavily on and uses Frassanito's skilled detective and scholarly work. This publication offers more examples of his photograph analysis bringing to light the realities of Civil War photography. Approximately 100 photographs are arranged into six groups by geographical location.

Kelbaugh, Ross J. Introduction to Civil War Photography. Gettysburg, PA: Thomas Publications, 1991.

This book provides an introduction to different types of popular photography during the Civil War: tintypes, ambrotypes, Carte de Visite, and stereographic images.

Moyes, Norman. American Combat Photography: From the Civil War to the Gulf War.. New York, NY: MetroBooks, 2002.

This book provides a broader scope of photography (over several wars) to enable comparing Civil War photography with more recent battle photography.

Sullivan, George. In the Wake of Battle: The Civil War Images of Mathew Brady. New York, NY: Prestel Publishing, 2004.

This extensive resource offers over 350 photographs of Civil War Images by Mathew Brady and his cameramen. The photographers Alexander Gardner and Timothy O'Sullivan and their works, mentioned in this lesson, are included in this book as well. The book is organized by battle site and event, each with an introduction essay, and offers helpful archival information about the photographs and their photographer.

Zeller, Bob. The Blue and Gray in Black and White: A History of Civil War Photography. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2005.

Zeller is well-known for his work in Civil War photography, having founded a non-profit organization dedicated to its presentation and preservation and written prior books about the subject (The Civil War in Depth, Vol. 1 and 2). In this work he uses his expertise to examine the experiences of several Civil War photographers (including Mathew Brady and Alexander Gardner) and discuss the advancements of this pioneering photography and the effect it had on the public.

Web Sites

Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society (American Memory, Library of Congress)

This special collection housed as part of the American Memory site of the Library of Congress, originated at the New York Historical Society. Among its materials are recruitment posters, stereographic images, photographs of the impact of Civil War, and drawings and writings from both Union and Confederate soldiers. (The image of Alexander Gardner and Timothy O'Sullivan Discussing the probabilities of the next advance is a part of this collection and courtesy New York Historical Society.)

Selected Civil War Photos (American Memory, Library of Congress)

This incredible collection, a part of American Memory at the Library of Congress, holds over one-thousand Civil War photographs. The site offers a time line and other links (i.e., Taking Photographs during the Civil War) to better understand the photographs presented. The photographs students studied in this lesson were taken from this repository. In addition, the section called "Does the Camera Ever Lie" was adapted for the classroom

The Center for Civil War Photography

This website is dedicated to the history and presentation of original Civil War photography. It is divided into two sub-sections: Gibson's Photographic Gallery and The Center for Civil War Photography. The Gallery, located in downtown Gettysburg, offers the visitor an authentic experience of a photography lab during the Civil War era. Not only are the same techniques and chemical processes shown and used, but period clothing and props are employed as well. The Center for Civil War Photography shows upcoming seminars on the subjects, on-line exhibits, publications, and other informative links.

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