Teach PA History
Crossing the Delaware: A Visual Myth or Reality?
Further Reading

Fast, Howard. The Crossing. New York: William Morrow, 1974.

This engaging book about Washington's struggle to cross the Delaware and attack at Trenton is the basis for the made-for-TV movie.

Flexner, James Thomas. George Washington and the American Revolution, 1775-1783. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1967.

This text provides a succinct description of Washington Crossing the Delaware.

Gifford, Edward S. The American Revolution in the Delaware Valley. Philadelphia, Pa.: Pennsylvania Society of Sons of the Revolution, 1976.

This excellent study contains a wealth of observations from diaries, letters and reminiscences and offers probably the best starting point for any serious student.

Ketchum, Richard M. The Winter Soldiers. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1999.

Ketchum describes the physical and mental anguish suffered by colonial soldiers culminating in the battles at Trenton and Princeton.

Scheer, George F. "Why Washington Stood Up in the Boat" in American Heritage.1964.

Scheer presents a good overview of the history behind Leutze's painting.

Web Sites

Art Teacher on the ‘Net

This site provides excellent analytical questions and focuses on what Leutze attempted to accomplish with the painting.

George Washington Crossing the Delaware: Explore & Learn, Metropolitan Museum of Art

This interactive lesson at the Metropolitan Museum of Art give the teacher background on perspective, light, color, form, motion, and proportion in the painting

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Provides a description of Washington's crossing, including the role played by Colonel Glover's men.

Washington Crossing Historic Park: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission

Program descriptions, events, and directions to Washington Crossing Historic Park are available.

Washington Crossing the Delaware: Art Gallery Foyer

Explains why Leutze painted Washington Crossing the Delaware and notes some of the inaccuracies.

Washington Crossing the Delaware: National Public Radio

Provides insight on the historical inaccuracies in Leutze's painting. It includes an audio clip as well as several related links.

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