Students at the Carlisle Indian School, Carlisle, PA, circa 1890.
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Group photograph of children at Pratt School

Credit: Library of Congress

The Carlisle Indian Industrial School was the most famous off-reservation boarding school in America. Drawing Native students from around the country, the government-run school offered a curriculum steeped in manual and vocational training. The uniforms and division of ranks into boys and girls reflect the School's emphasis on military-style discipline and organization.

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