The White Cloud, Head Chief of the Iowas, by George Catlin c.1844/1845.
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Red dominates this oil on canvas of a chieftain, wearing a cloth necklace, paint on face, and feathers on top of head.

Credit: Courtesy of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Paul Mellon Collection 1965.16.347

Catlin's portraits from his trips in the Missouri River Valley in the 1830s and 1840s, such as this one of Iowa chief Mahushka, also known as White Cloud, helped shape how white Americans imagined Plains Indians. White Cloud lived near the Missouri River at a place called Iowa Point, and lost his life in a battle with the Pawnee Indians who were mortal foes of the Iowas.

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