Smoking pipes from Fishbasket Site.
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Smoking pipes from Fishbasket Site.

Credit: Courtesy of Ken Burkett

These broken and complete smoking pipes, found at the Fishbasket site, are often present in Woodland Period excavations. North American Indians smoked at least eight species of tobacco, and sometimes mixed dried plants, shrubs, and tree bark to create a more flavorful, less harsh smoke. Believed to have supernatural, curative, and sobering powers, tobacco was only smoked during rituals and ceremonies, or offered as an act of hospitality for sharing with strangers.

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