Cornplanter, by Frederick Bartoli, 1796.
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Oil on canvas portrait of Chief Cornplanter.

Credit: Courtesy of New York Historical Society

A war chief who had led raids on American settlements in northern Pennsylvania during the American Revolution, Seneca leader Cornplanter then spent decades seeking a peaceful resolution of disputes between the United States and the Six Nations. In 1791 the Pennsylvania General Assembly awarded Cornplanter a land grant in Warren County that would be the last Indian-owned land in Pennsylvania. In this 1796 portrait, Frederick Bartoli painted Cornplanter with his prized pipe tomahawk.

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