General Winfield S. Hancock, circa 1864.
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Black and white photograph of Winfield S. Hancock.

Credit: Library of Congress

Raised in Norristown, PA, Winfield S. Hancock became a hero during the Civil War for saving the Union army at the Battle of Chancellorsville and for leading the defense against Pickett’s charge at Gettysburg. During Reconstruction Hancock angered President Ulysses S. Grant for refusing to protect Republicans and African Americans against white vigilantes in Louisiana and Texas, but endeared himself to Democrats, who nominated him for president in the 1880 election.

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