Map of land purchases by the Holland Land Company.
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This map depicts the location of land purchased by the Holland Land company

Credit: The Matthews Northrup Works

In the 1780s and 1790s wealthy investors bought huge tracts of land in western Pennsylvania, including a group of Dutch bankers and investors who had advanced several million dollars to the United States during the American Revolution. Working through American agents, the latter formed the Holland Land Company and bought large tracts of undeveloped land and northwestern Pennsylvania and western New York State.

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