Molly Maguires marching to their death, Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, July 7, 1877.
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THE MARCH TO DEATH, depicting Molly Maguire members on the way to the gallows in Pottsville, Pa.

Credit: Courtesy of the Historical Society of Schuylkill County, Pottsville, PA

On June 21, 1877, 11 "Mollie Maguires" were hung in the prison yard in Pottsville, PA, after a conviction based on the testimony of witnesses on the Reading Railroad and mining company payrolls. Execution of the Irish coal miners made headlines nationwide and caused outrage among many Irish immigrants and Irish Americans in Pennsylvania and elsewhere.

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