The "big four" of the anthracite coal industry confer on proposals to reduce mine wages, Philadelphia, PA, April 19, 1933.
Close Window

Four men dressed in suits sit at a table.

Credit: Image donated by Corbis-Bettmann

In the early 1930s, the Pennsylvania anthracite industry collapsed, as the mines shut down, tens of thousands of mineworkers lost their jobs, and relief roles swelled. In April 1933, the leaders of the coal miners and the operators met in Philadelphia to discuss operator proposals to cut wages. From left to right are W.W. Ingles, President of the Glenolden Coal Company; A.J. Maloney, President of the Philadelphia Reading Coal and Iron Company; John L. Lewis, International President of Coal Miners; and Thomas Kennedy, International Secretary and Treasurer of Coal Miners. That August, mass marches and strikes by tens of thousands would draw state and national attention to region.

Back to Top