Gregg, Robert. Sparks from the Anvil of Oppression: Philadelphia's African Methodists and Southern Migrants, 1890-1940. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1998.

Important study of how A.M.E. churches in Philadelphia attempted to help southern migrants adjust to urban life in the early decades of the twentieth century.

Referenced in:
The Peopling of Pennsylvania: The Creation of a Multicultural Society

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