Teach PA History
Lattimer Massacre: What's Beneath the Surface?
What to Know
Teaching Time
Five 50-minute class periods
Grade Level
Middle School
  • Arts and Humanities
  • Civics and Government
  • Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening
  • Geography
  • History
Historical Period
  • Development of the Industrial Pennsylvania - 1877-1900
Students will analyze ethnic and labor issues surrounding the Lattimer Massacre to determine how the event contributed to the growth of unions. Students will role play to simulate the fact that "coal miners in both the anthracite and bituminous regions proved adept at organization as well as strikes, as they formed hundreds of small local assemblies with the problems of their trades."


Students will: 1. Interpret primary documents. 2. Analyze historic photographs. 3. Discuss controversial issues. 4. Write and/or deliver a script, song, or speech. 5. Create a poster/banner. 6. Role play a person involved in the event.

Standards Alignment

  • Arts and Humanities

    9.1.8. B. Recognize, know, use and demonstrate a variety of appropriate arts elements and principles to produce, review, and revise original works in the arts.

  • Civics and Government

    5.1.9. B. Describe historical examples of the importance of the rule of law.
    5.2.9. C. Analyze skills used to resolve conflicts in society and government.

  • Geography

    7.2.9. B. Explain and locate places and regions.
    7.3.9. A. Explain the human characteristics of places and regions by their population characteristics.
    7.3.9. B. Explain the human characteristics of places and regions by their cultural characteristics.
    7.3.9. D. Explain the human characteristics of places and regions by their economic activities.

  • History

    8.1.9. C. Analyze the fundamentals of historical interpretation.
    8.2.9. D. Identify and analyze conflict and cooperation among social groups and organizations in Pennsylvania history.

  • Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening

    1.4.8. A. Write short stories, poems, and plays.
    1.6.8. C. Speak using skills appropriate to formal speech situations.
    1.6.8. E. Participate in small and large group discussions and presentations.

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