"Roy Campanella Paralyzed in Car Accident" (1958)
PARALYZED CAMPANELLA TO RECOVER
But He May Not Play Ball Again
GLEN COVE, 1.1., Jan. 28-Roy Campanella - one of baseball's great catchers with the Brooklyn (now Los Angeles) Dodgers - underwent a long emergency operation today in Community Hospital on a broken neck suffered in an early morning auto accident.
Tonight, while doctors pronounced the operation a "success" and forecast "complete recovery" from a partial paralysis still afflicting the thirty-six-year-old catcher, there was no assurance that he would resume an active playing career with the Dodgers.
Mr. Campanella would be in the hospital for at least six weeks, physicians said, and it would be "several days" before they could suggest whether the period might run longer.
Dr. Robert W. Sengstaken, thirty-five-year-old neurological surgeon, head of the team of physicians who worked over Mr. Campanella during a four-hour-and twenty-minute operation, said:
"Assuming a complete recovery, he could not play ball before a year."
Inasmuch as Mr. Campanella's catching and hitting performances have fallen off in the last two years from his previous brilliant form, and considering that he suffers from weakened hands after several operations, it seemed possible that today's accident a mile south of his home here wrote an end to his playing career.
At the Campanella home, Mrs. Campanella said tonight she had received "thousands of telegrams," including one from President Eisenhower and another from Vice-President Richard M. Nixon, wishing her husband well.
"Everyone has been so kind," she said.
Out in Darrtown, Ohio, the Dodgers' manager, Walter Alston, said today: "I'm very sorry to hear about the accident, but, knowing him as I do, he'll be back as soon as he can, if at all possible. He's a very rugged-type individual."
The fact that he was a "very rugged type" almost certainly saved Mr. Campanella's life today. The crash, in which his car struck a telephone pole and overturned, fractured and dislocated the fifth and sixth cervical vertebrae and pinched the spinal cord.
Physicians said that this damage was limited by the fact that Mr. Campanella's neck was "very heavily muscled." National League base runners who found the burly catcher often blocking their access to home plate could have told the doctors that the 200-pound Mr. Campanella was very heavily muscled indeed.
Mr. Campanella, third Negro in organized baseball when he signed with the Dodgers in 1945, went on to be thrice the National League's Most Valuable Player and set slugging and endurance records for catchers.
FATHER OF SIX
Married and father of six children, he bought a spacious fieldstone ranch-house
on Landing Drive on East Island three years ago and became a popular figure in this community. He taught baseball to neighborhood kids, sent children to local schools, and cruised and fished in the Sound in his forty-one-foot boat, The Princess.
After dinner last night Mr. Campanella drove to Manhattan in a 1957 Chevrolet sport sedan he had rented from an uptown concern that was giving a routine check to his own Chevrolet. He also owns a Cadillac.
Associates said that Mr. Campanella planned to make a television appearance with Harry Wismer on Channels of the DuMont Broadcasting Corp., at 10:45 P.M. However, they said, Mr. Wismer asked Mr. Campanella to delay his appearance for a week so that it could be advertised in the interval.
COMES TO S-CURVE
Mr. Campanella agreed to this. Some time later he headed for home in the rented Chevrolet. At 3:34 A.M. he was headed north in Glen Cove on Dosoris Lane. Near Apple Tree Lane the narrow blacktop road makes an S-curve, first to the right, then to the left.
Mr. Campanella's car-its speed was not known-simply went straight instead of to the right. It struck Pole No. 25 of the New York Telephone Co., whirled about, edged up a slight embankment and turned over on its right side.
Dr. W. Spencer Gurnee, gynecologist living at 79 Dosoris Lane, heard the crash. While some one in his household called police, he put on a coat and ran out to the car.
He found Mr. Campanella, though he didn't know who he was, crumpled in the front of the car and crying out: "Somebody help me. Somebody help me. Get me out of here."
Glen Cove Patrolman Joseph Brino was the first policeman on the scene. He
crawled into the car, gave Mr. Campanella sedation pills handed him by Dr. Gurnee and he braced himself against the injured man to prevent too sudden movement a half hour later when a wrecker car righted the Chevrolet to facilitate moving Mr. Campanella.
By this time a small crowd had gathered and the catcher was recognized.
"It's Campy," some one called out.
One witness said that Mr. Campanella was "curled up like a pretzel" and complaining that he couldn't move his legs. No effort was made to straighten him out. He did not lose consciousness. A police ambulance took Mr. Campanella to the hospital here and X-rays were taken.
Dr. Sengstaken, in consultation with other physicians, told Mr. Campanella of the fractures, dislocations and compression of the spinal cord. They advised him that an operation must be undertaken to correct the damage to the vertebrae and to remove the pressure on the spinal cord which was causing the paralysis.
SAYS GO AHEAD
"Do whatever you have to do," Mr. Campanella was quoted as telling them. Mr. Campanella was taken into the operating room shortly before 8:30 A.M. and was not brought out until 12:45 P.M. He was conscious soon after, and asked for his wife, Ruthe. She visited him soon after and again in the evening.
Dr. Sengstaken, who has offices in Garden City, said: "The operation was a success. Mr. Campanella's condition is satisfactory and we expect complete recovery."
The patient was, however, kept on the critical list, considering the major and delicate nature of the operation. The paralysis which affected him from the lower shoulders downward, except for certain arm movements, was expected to diminish slowly.
Walter O'Malley, president of the Dodgers, came to the hospital this afternoon from New York and was asked about Mr. Campanella's playing future. Mr. O'Malley said:
"We're not even thinking of Roy's future in baseball. AJI we're thinking of is his health and restoring him to a normal life."
Mr. Campanella, whose 1956 salary of $42,500 made him the highest paid player in Dodger history, owns a prosperous liquor store in Harlem. Two of his children, Joyce, eighteen, and Beverly, seventeen, are in a private school in Philadelphia. David, fourteen, attends a school in Queens. Roy Jr., nine, and Tony, seven, attend Glen Cove school. Ruthe, the youngest, is four.
Credit: New York Herald Tribune, January 30, 1958.