Teach PA History
Two Men Named Ben: Historic Roots of Education in Pennsylvania
Further Reading

Cressman, Elmer W. The History of Pennsylvania. New York, NY: Noble and Noble, 1944.

This book provides some additional information regarding the development of education in Pennsylvania

Dunaway, Wayland F. A History of Pennsylvania. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1935.

A comprehensive history of the state that spends a good portion on the development of education in Pennsylvania.

Hampson, Norman. The Enlightenment: An Evaluation of its Assumptions, Attitudes and Values. London: Pelican Books, 1968.

This book provides the historical background to the movement that inspired Rush and Franklin to develop their ideas on education in Pennsylvania.

Hawke, David Freeman. Benjamin Rush, Revolutionary Gadfly. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill, 1971.

This biography of Benjamin Rush covers among his many accomplishments his impact on education and social policy.

Johnson, Tony W. Historical Documents in American Education. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon, 2001.

Johnson collects a variety of important primary resources regarding the history of American education.

King, Cornelia S. American Education, 1622-1860: Printed Works in the Collections of The American Philosophical Society, The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, and The Library Company of Philadelphia. New York, NY: Garland Publishing, 1984.

This is an excellent resource for discovering the remarkable printed works of early American education in collections of three institutions that specialize in early American materials.

Miller, Randall M. and William Pencak, ed.. Pennsylvania: A History of the Commonwealth. University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002.

This extremely comprehensive history of the state explores the development of education in Pennsylvania from several different perspectives throughout the work.

Mondale, Sarah. School: The Story of American Public Education. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 2002.

This book accompanies a PBS series, and while it is not designed to be a comprehensive history, it does provide the lay reader with a chronology of education history from the mid-19th century to the early 1980s. Materials cover educational issues such as bilingual education, school choice, and standardized testing. A number of black and white photographs are included.

Web Sites

Dickinson College, In Their Own Words. Benjamin Rush Biography.

Dickinson College was one of the colleges that Dr. Benjamin Rush helped found. This biography page provides an excellent summary of life. At the bottom of the page, click on the link which will lead to original documents authored by Dr. Benjamin Rush in the college collection. The book entitled, "Essays, Literary, Moral & Philosophical" includes a number of his writings on education.

PBS, "KCET School: The Story of American Public Education,"

This website accompanies a four-part series narrated by Meryl Streep bringing historical context to America's education system. Covering from colonial times to the present, this series uses interviews and experts to bring to light the issues and their impact on today's American education system. The website offers excellent resources–from photographs which illustrate some of the key moments of education history to a chronological timeline of key political events to brief biographies of educational innovators. There is also a curriculum guide available for download.

PBS, "NOW with Bill Moyers. Art and-American Education and Civil Rights,"

PBS website of Now with Bill Moyers offers an excellent chronological history of American education including such topics as the public school movement, education of slaves, education in the progressive era, and racing to hone math and science skills during the Cold War.

Pennsylvania Department of Education

Valuable site for issues of history standards and all aspects of current education law and policy.

The Library Company of Philadelphia –The Library Company of Philadelphia. Collections: Education

This page of the Library Company's website presents a nice synopsis of education in the colonies and early America. A lithograph of the University of Pennsylvania from the Library Company's Wainwright Lithograph Collection illustrates the web page and serves as an example of their education material.

US Department of Education

This site from the National Department of Education can be helpful to gain an understanding of what our government considers important in education today.

University of Pennsylvania: About Penn

This page of the University's website provides a number of links to information about the school. Click on "Penn's Heritage" to trace its founding to Benjamin Franklin when he began The Charity School of Philadelphia in 1740. The link "About Our Founder" provides information on Benjamin Franklin and mentions his work "Proposals Relating to the Education of Youth in Pensilvania" (1749). This progressive writing led the way for students to study classical and practical subjects to prepare themselves for business and public service.

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