Teach PA History
Cornplanter and the Fate of His Land
Further Reading

Bilharz, Joy A. The Allegany Senecas and Kinzua Dam: Forced Relocation Through Two Generations. . Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1998.

This author provides an informative and professional, albeit biased, look at the building of the Kinzua Dam and the relocation of the Seneca.

Francello, Joseph A. Chief Cornplanter (Gy-ant-wa-kia) of the Senecas.. Allentown, PA: Glasco Publishing, 1998.

277-page book on the biography of Cornplanter.

Hoover, William N. Kinzua: From Cornplanter to the Corps.. Lincoln, NE: iUniverse, Inc, 2005.

This book discusses the inevitable disappearance of the Seneca culture as the Kinzua Dam is built in the Allegheny Valley.

Jennings, Francis. The History and Culture of Iroquois Diplomacy: An Interdisciplinary Guide to the Treaties of the Six Nations and Their League. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1995.

An interdisciplinary look at the treaties of the six nations, many of which Cornplanter helped create in his role as negotiator.

Swatzler, David and Henry Simmons. A Friend Among the Senecas: The Quaker Mission to Cornplanter's People. Mechanicsburg, PA:: Stackpole Books, 2000.

This book takes a look at the Quaker influence (especially agriculture methods) Cornplanter invited into his tribe despite his half-brother's desire to return to native ways. Includes Henry Simmon's 1799 Quaker journal of his mission.

Wallace, Anthony F.C. Death and Rebirth of the Seneca. New York: Vintage Books, 1972.

A comprehensive history of the Seneca.

Web Sites

1794 Canandaigua Treaty Commemoration Committee Official Web Site

This website offers a transcription and photo copy of the 1794 Canandaigua Treaty, the treaty which the Seneca used to fight the building of the Kinzua Dam.

Chief Cornplanter-Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission

Located in "Pennsylvania History" link of the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, this three-page article is a wonderful source of information about Chief Cornplanter. It is more detailed than a brief encyclopedic entry and includes helpful background information on the forming of the Six Nations and their Revolutionary war involvement, in addition to Cornplanter's biographical information.

Kinzau Dam

This is part of the Special Collections and Archives at the Indiana University of Pennsyvlania Library. It features conservationist Congressman John Saylor, and shows how he supported the Seneca as they fought to retain their land and stop the building of the Kinzua Dam. Although unsuccessful with this fight, Saylor was honored by the Seneca for his efforts with an honorary tribe membership. Saylor went on to pen and help pass influential conservation acts such as the National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act.

Kinzua Dam

This site provides the lyrics to protest song Johnny Cash sang called "As Long As the Grass Shall Grow," and interesting photographs of the construction of the dam, the town beforehand, and a monument of Cornplanter.

The Iroquois Nations of the Northeast-The Sovereign People

This excellent online exhibit by Carnegie Museum of Natural History is entitled, "North, South, East, and West: American Indians and the Natural World." This link takes you directly to the East section in which the Iroquois Confederacy is described. Link to Cornplanter for a brief introduction of who he is, his land, and what happened to it.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Pittsburgh District–Kinzua Dam and Allegheny Reservoir

The Army Corps of Engineers constructed the Kinzua Dam. They cite the Flood Control Acts of 1936 and 1938 as the permission for construction and estimate the monetary benefits they have provided over the years in avoiding area flood damage as exceeding $1 billion. Statistical information on the construction of the dam and area recreational information is also provided on the site.

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