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Historical Markers
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Braddock Road (Rock Fort Camp) Historical Marker
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Name:
Braddock Road (Rock Fort Camp)

Region:
Laurel Highlands/Southern Alleghenies

County:
Fayette

Marker Location:
US 40 ca. 6 miles Southeast of Uniontown at Summit

Dedication Date:
June 17, 1952

Behind the Marker

Braddock's Road extended from Fort Cumberland on Wills Creek (Cumberland, Maryland) to the Monongahela River. General Edward Braddock marched his army to the Forks of the Ohio along this route despite the recommendation from some of his colonial advisers that a route through Pennsylvania would be easier. Braddock's London superiors had ordered him to depart from Wills Creek on the Potomac River, and George Washington, who served as the general's aide-de-camp, had pioneered this route a year earlier when he traveled into the Ohio Country and met Tanacharisson.

Braddock, however, had a much larger army in tow than Washington. When he left Fort Cumberland in early June, he commanded a force of about 2,500 British regulars, American recruits, laborers, and female camp followers. The Indians who were supposed to support his army as guides and scouts abandoned Braddock after he failed to assure them that the British would honor their claim to the Ohio Country once the French were removed. [Original Document]

This map of Braddock's route shows some of their camps and river crossings. It also suggests the arduous nature of their journey through the rugged terrain.
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This map of Braddock's route shows some of their camps and river crossings....
Braddock's men had to cut a road wide enough to accommodate the wagons and draft animals that accompanied them, as well as the siege artillery that they brought along to use against markerFort Duquesne. Progress was painstakingly slow until Braddock decided to split the force into two groups: a flying column of about 1,500 men and a support column that would drag along the artillery and supplies.

The flying column made rapid progress, and with each day, the distance between it and the support column increased. On the morning of July 9, the flying column crossed the Monongahela and came within ten miles of Fort Duquesne. But at markerBraddock's Crossing, disaster struck.

The following Markers in Fayette County have similar story lines and therefore have the same behind and beyond the marker text: markerBraddock Road (Stewart's Crossing) located at US 119, .2 mile South of Connellsville and markerBraddock Road (Twelve Springs Camp) Located at US 40, 3.5 miles Southeast of Farmington.


 
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