Donald Nelson, Chairman of the War Production Board, meets with AFL president William Green (on the left) and CIO president Phillip Murray (on the right). Washington, D.C., March 7, 1942.
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Lee Pressman, Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) counselor; Philip Murray, CIO president; and Harold Ruttenberg (speaking), research director, United Steel Workers (USW), at the "Little Steel" hearing held by the War Labor Board at the Hotel Washington in Washington, D.C., July 1.

Credit: Library of Congress

Born in Scotland, Philip Murray (1886-1952) moved with his family to southwestern Pennsylvania where he worked as a coal miner with his father. Elected president of a UMW local in 1906, Murray became vice president of the National UMW after John Lewis's election in 1917. Murray remained Lewis's right hand man until he took charge of the Steel Workers Organizing Committee in 1936. Appointed president of the CIO in 1940, he also served as first president of the United Steel Workers of America from 1942 until his death in 1952. At the 1941 CIO convention, Murray announced his support of President Roosevelt's foreign policy and aid programs, then backed the national miners" strike opposed by FDR.

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