Wash day on a Pennsylvania farm, circa 1890.
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Black and white image of man and woman with two young girls preparing for wash day on the farm. A big black kettle hanging over an open fire holds the water. A wash tub sits on the ground and one can see the wash board placed inside. Buckets for carrying water are in the children's hands.

Credit: Courtesy of Schwenkfelder Library and Heritage Center, Pennsburg, Pa.

Rural electrification had a profound impact on the lives of farm women. Electric appliances reduced some of the physical demands of women's work, and significantly reduced the time devoted to the family wash.

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