Oscar Hammerstein II, by Abbey Altson, 1943.
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Oil on canvas of head and shoulders of Hammerstein wearing a black suit with a blue shirt. He holds a pen and pad in his hands.

Credit: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Mrs. Oscar Hammerstein II through Mr. Alexander Ince

The year that Alston painted Oscar Hammerstein's portrait in 1943, the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical, Oklahoma! opened on Broadway. The show would run for an unprecedented 2,212 performances, finally closing in 1948. The 1955 film version of the musical would win two Academy Awards, for best score and best sound.

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