Dance in a Country Tavern, after John Lewis Krimmel's Country Frolic and Dance, 1819.
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Painting of a black musician playing the violin, patrons sitting and standing, and a couple dancing.  Inside this county tavern there is also roaring fire in the fireplace and a dog taking a scrap from a lady.

Credit: Historical Society of Pennsylvania

In the early 1800s, African-American musicians were popular, if poorly paid entertainers in Philadelphia. Incorporating African-American rhythms into marches and other popular European music, Frank Johnson in the 1820s would become the city's most celebrated bandleader.

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