Josiah Harmar, watercolor on ivory, by Raphaelle Peale, c 1799-1803.
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Watercolor on ivory of <i>Josiah Harmar,</i> by Raphaelle Peale, c. 1799-1803.

Credit: Courtesy of the Diplomatic Reception Rooms, U.S. Department of State, Washington, DC., Photograph by Will Brown

"He was brave, but not suited for a commander against Indians, and he was not in sympathetic touch with the frontiersmen." So wrote historian E.K. Alden about Philadelphian Josiah Harmer (1753-1813), who was soundly defeated by the Indians in the first campaign of the "Northwest Indian War" along the Maumee Valley in October of 1790.

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