Goal, [Jail] in Walnut Street Philadelphia, by William Birch, 1799.
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Image of the jail.

Credit: Courtesy of the Library Company of Philadelphia

After purchasing the lot on which the Mother Bethel church now stands, Richard Allen had a blacksmith's shop, seen in this William Birch engraving from 1799, moved to the property with a team of his own horses. It would be the first of four buildings to house Bethel Church. In the background is Philadelphia's Walnut Street Jail, the nation's first "penitentiary."

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