Bessemer Railroad
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Map of the Bessemer Railroad.

Credit: Courtesy of Dan Cupper

After the failure of the South Pennsylvania Railroad, Carnegie in the 1890s put together the Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad to haul Great Lakes iron ore to his mills at Pittsburgh, and Pittsburgh coal north to Lake Erie. Ownership of his own railroad freed Carnegie from the rate-setting whims of the Pennsy and other freight railroads.

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