Political philosopher Henry George, circa 1886.
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Chromolithograph of Henry George, head and shoulders.

Credit: Courtesy of the NYPL digital gallery, New York Public Library

After publication of Progress and Poverty in 1879, Philadelphia’s Henry George became one of the most famous men in America. To remedy the growing extremes of wealth and poverty produced by America’s booming industrial economy, George proposed a single tax on land. “Georgism” as it became known, won an international following.

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