Pinkerton detective James McParland, circa 1886.
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Three quarter length portrait

Credit: Courtesy of the Historical Society of Schuylkill County, Pottsville, PA

Twenty-four years old when he emmigrated from Ireland for the United States in 1867, James McParland had no trouble infiltrating the Pennsylvania's Irish coal miner organizations in the early 1870s. Based largely on his testimony, twenty "Molly Maguires" were convicted and then executed. After the trial McParland went on to enjoy a long and successful career with the Pinkerton agency, infiltrating and disrupting unions and labor activities in the American west.

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