Students at the Carlisle Indian School, Carlisle, PA, circa 1890.
flipFlip to Before and after photographs of Navaho boy Tom Torlino as he appeared when he arrived at Carlisle Indian School in 1882 and as he looked three years later.
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Group photograph of students at the Carlisle Indian School

Credit: Courtesy of the Library of Congress

The Carlisle Indian Industrial School was the most famous off-reservation boarding school in America. Drawing Native students from around the country, the government-run school offered a curriculum steeped in manual and vocational training. The uniforms and division of ranks into boys and girls reflect the School's emphasis on military-style discipline and organization.

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