Pennsylvania Long Rifle, circa 1780.
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The Pennsylvania Rifle in this photograph features a hand carved, curly maple stock with engraved brass inlays.

Credit: State Museum of Pennsylvania

Developed in Lancaster, PA, by German and Swiss gunsmiths, the Pennsylvania Long Rifle integrated the long-barrel of English fowling pieces onto the short "Jaeger" hunting rifles favored by Pennsylvania's German-speaking settlers. Nearly five-feet long and weighing only eight pounds, it was accurate to nearly 300 yards, making it the ideal weapon for hunting and fighting irregular warfare.

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