Mother Jones leading a protest, circa 1903.
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Mother Jones, wearing a black dress and hat, leads a group of protestors.

Credit: Jones, Mary Harris Autobiography of Mother Jones. Charles H Kerr: 1925.

Mother Jones travelled throughout the United States agitating against companies that hired children and women to work in hazardous conditions. In 1903 she organized children working in mills and mines in the "Children's Crusade." In a march from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to Oyster Bay, New York, Jones and her supporters ended up at the home of President Theodore Roosevelt with banners demanding "We want to go to School and not the mines!" Though Roosevelt refused to meet with them, the marchers brought the issue of child labor into public awareness.

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