This was the "manway" for the Washington No. 2 mine at Star Junction, PA, opened by the Washington Coal and Coke Company in 1893.
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Photograph of a brush overgrown tubular entrance.

Credit: Courtesy of The Coal and Coke Heritage Center, Penn State Fayette,

A "manway" is an entry used exclusively for personnel to travel form the shaft bottom or drift mouth to the working section; it is always on the intake air side in gassy mines. Also, a small passage at one side or both sides of a breast, used as a traveling way for the miner, and sometimes, as an airway, or chute, or both.

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