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William Bauchop Wilson, by Hans Schlereth. Official painting as the first United States Secretary of Labor, circa 1920.
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Official oil on canvas portrait of William Wilson seated, facing right, wearing a suit.

Credit: United States Department of Labor

Taken out of school at the age of nine to work in the coal mines with his Scottish father, Pennsylvania's William Wilson went on to become a founder and national leader of the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA), a congressman, and in 1913 the nation's first secretary of the newly created Department of Labor.

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